Scientific writing and the process of research

There are multiple pages of websites to help non-native English speakers in their process of research and produce scientific texts. Pages like these not only will help you with the study of this subject but also will give you some ideas about how to improve your writing style when elaborating your TFG and other academic essays.

Søk og Skriv - illustrasjon

This website has been created by people from the University of Oslo and other partners ann deals with four key research elements:

1. Searching

2. Reading

3. Writing

4. sources and referencing

I encourage you to go through some of the topics we have studies on this subject and I recommend you to keep it marked so that you can go back and consult it later anytime you need it.


read what you want to write

Very good recommendation!!


One of the common pieces of advice given to creative writers is to read widely, work out what you like and then write like those you admire. This writing-like-admirable-others requires the aspiring creative writer to analyse various aspects of the admired texts – ranging from the way in which an author manages plot, character, dialogue and description to their technical construction of sentences, paragraphs and use of adverbs and adjectives.

Now this also seems like pretty good advice to academic writers too. Read what you want to write. The problem is of course how the doctoral researcher decides what is good academic writing. Is it simply something that they like? Is it something that is easy to read? Or is it something that has a particular style – say for example something written in the third person and in the passive voice? Is ‘academic’ necessarily densely packed with inter-textual references?…

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The genre of research articles: The literature review section

Great article!

Pros Write

Photo Credit: Lost in Scotland via Compfight cc Photo Credit: Lost in Scotland via Compfightcc

This post continues the series I’ve done over the past year or so on writing research articles (RAs) based on John Swale’s Create-A-Research-Space (CARS) model. See my first post for an overview of RAs published in peer-reviewed journals. This time the focus is on the section of an RA social science researchers call the literature review (LR).  As I’ve written before, RAs in “harder” science journals normally incorporate their review of related literature in the introduction section. But “softer” science journals require more elaborate justification of their research focus so an additional section is the norm.

There’s relatively little empirical work on the rhetorical structure of LRs. I believe it’s because the CARS model has been applied primarily to RAs in the “harder” sciences. A 2012 study (see bottom of this post for details) is a notable exception because it involved…

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Whole books, revised books and chapter books

Did you know that you could read books online through Universities libraries. Have a look at some of them accessible from Campus UNED:

Thomas, Michael Ed. (2008) Handbook of Research on Web 2.0 and Second Language Learning, Hershey, PA, USA: IGI Global (ebrary books) To read a sample of book chapter, just select one of them.

Naidu (2010) A textbook of Engineering, Pearson Education India (Safari books) More focussed on teaching science because of the amount of exercised found on it, but you could find many other examples of research books within Safari books online ( Remember to be logged before reading.

This one could probably belong to a thesis publication

Research journals samples

Science Frontpage

The following example have been linked from the famous publication SCIENCE


Article  (Not open, accessible thorugh UNED library)


The following link will provide you with webinars (online workshops or conferences) that can be listened in the form of podcast. (Registration is compulsory in order to access to them)