Describing graphs

The University of Southampton has activities on EAP. This one is about describing graphs.







An abstract is a succinct summary of a longer piece of work, usually academic in nature, which is published in isolation from the main text and should therefore stand on its own and be understandable without reference to the longer piece. It should report the latter’s essential facts, and should not exaggerate or contain material that is not there. Its purpose is to act as a reference tool (for example in a library abstracting service), enabling the reader to decide whether or not to read the full text. 

See more at:

Emerald webpage offers other guides on how to write and structure your work (case studies, literary reviews, articles, etc):


English for Specific Purposes (Journal)

English For Specific Purposes is an international peer-reviewed journal that welcomes submissions from across the world. Authors are encouraged to submit articles and research/discussion notes on topics relevant to the teaching and learning of discourse for specific communities: academic, occupational, or otherwise specialized. Topics such as the following may be treated from the perspective of English for specific purposes: second language acquisition in specialized contexts, needs assessment, curriculum development and evaluation, materials preparation, discourse analysis, descriptions of specialized varieties of English, teaching and testing techniques, the effectiveness of various approaches to language learning and language teaching, and the training or retraining of teachers for the teaching of ESP. In addition, the journal welcomes articles and discussions that identify aspects of ESP needing development, areas into which the practice of ESP may be expanded, possible means of cooperation between ESP programs and learners’ professional or vocational interests, and implications that findings from related disciplines can have for the profession of ESP. The journal also carries reviews of scholarly books on topics of interest to the profession.


Remember that you can read this journal freely through UNED library.

You need to be logged in at UNED to access!!

Using the Academic Word List

This site will help you expand your academic vocabulary using the Academic Word List (the AWL). All students, home students and overseas students, need to learn the technical vocabulary of their field. As learners of English preparing for academic study you also need to learn general academic vocabulary, words such as: feature, illustrate, regulate, strategy. This core academic vocabulary is used by writers in many different subject areas. Learning vocabulary from the AWL will help you improve your comprehension of academic texts. It will also help you write assignments in an academic style.

Of course the basic vocabulary of English is also important for academic learners. To check if you know this basic vocabulary, look at Word Lists.


The website has some interesting tools such as the AWL Highlighter:

The AWL Highlighter

This program will identify core academic vocabulary in a text, using the Academic Word List. Type or paste your text into the box below. Select the sublist level you want to use. In this program each level includes all the previous levels i.e. level 5 includes levels 1 to 4 as well. Click on submit. The text will be returned as a new web page with words from the Academic Word List, at the levels selected, highlighted in bold type.